The result of the vote, the culmination of a 13-hour session that included repeated delays, was announced just before 1 a.m. local time by the presiding speaker of parliament’s lower house, Ayaz Sadiq.
Khan, 69, was ousted after 3½ years as the leader of the nuclear-armed country of 220 million where the military has ruled for nearly half its nearly 75-year history.
Parliament will meet on Monday to elect a new prime minister.
Sunday’s vote followed multiple adjournments in the chamber, called due to lengthy speeches by members of Khan’s party, who said there was a U.S. conspiracy to oust the cricket star-turned-politician.
Opposition parties were able to secure 174 votes in the 342-member house in support of the no-confidence motion, Sadiq said, making it a majority vote.
“Consequently the motion against Prime Minister Imran Khan has been passed,” he said to the thumping of desks.
Khan, who was not present for the vote, had no immediate comment.
Just a few legislators of Khan’s ruling party — Tehreek-i-Insaf, or Pakistan Movement for Justice — were present for the vote.
The house voted after the country’s powerful army chief, Gen. Qamar Javed Bajwa, met Khan, said two sources who spoke on condition of anonymity, as criticism mounted over the delay in the parliamentary process.
‘A new dawn has started’
The front-runner to become Pakistan’s next prime minister, Shehbaz Sharif, said Khan’s ouster was the chance for a new beginning.
“A new dawn has started…. This alliance will rebuild Pakistan,” Sharif, 70, said in parliament.
Sharif, the younger brother of three-time prime minister Nawaz Sharif, has a reputation as an effective administrator.
Parliamentary elections are not due until August 2023. However, the opposition has said it wants early elections, but only after it delivered a political defeat to Khan and passes legislation it says is required to ensure the next polls are free and fair.
Khan’s ouster extends Pakistan’s unenviable record for political instability: No prime minister has completed their full term since independence in 1947, although Khan is the first to be removed through a no-confidence vote.
Signs Khan lost support of military
Khan surged to power in 2018 with the military’s support, but he recently lost his parliamentary majority when allies quit his coalition government. There were also signs he had lost the support of the military, analysts said.
The military viewed Khan and his conservative agenda favourably when he won the election, but that support waned after a falling-out over the appointment of the country’s next spy chief and the economic troubles.
“They [the military] don’t want to be seen as supporting him and be blamed for his failures,” opposition leader and former prime minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi told Reuters earlier. “They’ve pulled their support.”
Opposition parties say he has failed to revive an economy battered by COVID-19 or fulfil promises to make Pakistan a corruption-free, prosperous nation respected on the world stage.
Reema Omar, South Asia legal adviser to the International Commission of Jurists, said it was an ignominious end to Khan’s tenure. On Twitter, she posted “3.5 years marked by incompetence; extreme censorship; assault on independent judges; political persecution; bitter polarization and division; and finally, brazen subversion of the Constitution.”
Khan’s allies blocked the no-confidence motion last week and dissolved parliament’s lower house, prompting the country’s Supreme Court to intervene and allow the vote to go through.
Khan earlier accused the United States of backing moves to oust him because he had visited Moscow for talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin just after Russia launched its invasion of Ukraine on Feb. 24. Washington rejected the charge.
Muhammad Ali Khan, a legislator from Khan’s party, said the prime minister had fought until the end and would return to lead parliament in the future.
Khan had been antagonistic towards the United States throughout his tenure, welcoming the Taliban’s takeover of Afghanistan last year and urging the international community to work with them.